Huangshan, Anhui province


Huangshan is a beautiful, mountainous region in southeastern Anhui province in China. The area welcomes millions of visitors each year who come to see its spectacular views, gorgeous sunrises, world famous pine trees, and massive granite peaks. The majority of those who live in the region are Han Chinese, and the population is almost one and a half million. Huangshan City is the largest in the area, and relies heavily on tea production and tourism for its economic production. The region is home to two World Heritage Sites, one being Mount Huangshan and the other the ancient villages of Hongcun and Xidi in southern Anhui.


Huangshan's climate of the region is considered to be oceanic, and is very moderate. The winter months provide Huangshan with some snow and cold weather, while the summers remain relatively cool, with average highs around 20° C through July and August. The area is also home to the Huangshan mountain range, with peaks that reach up to 1,000 meters. The three tallest and most well-known peaks are Lotus Peak, Bright Summit Peak, and Celestial or Capital of Heaven Peak, all reaching above 1,800 meters. Most of the vegetation lies below 1,100 meters, and the moist climate facilities the growth of tea leaves at lower elevation. The powerful Yangtze River bisects the province diagonally, and continues to flow out to the East China Sea.

Tea Industry

Tea production in Huangshan is a major aspect of the region’s economy, and the majority of farming takes place in an area referred to as Yellow Mountain, home to many assortments of green tea. The most famous of the area – and one of China’s most famous – is the Huangshan Maofeng.

Economy of Huangshan

Being such a major tourist destination, the region is accessible by air and rail from Shanghai, and is also linked to cities such as Hangzhou and Wuhu. There are cable cars that make the mountain tops reachable for visitors, and there are hotels, restaurants, and facilities at the summit for added accommodation. Compared to a few bordering provinces, Anhui as a whole has trailed in economic production, with GDP per capita about one third the level of Zhejiang and Jiangsu. The province produces a large amount of wheat, rice, and sweet potatoes as well as the production of cement, steel, and iron.